Resolution Calling on the Current Presidential Administration to Oppose Efforts to Undermine Global Intellectual Property Rights
WHEREAS, in June 2022 the World Trade Organization (WTO) announced a waiver of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement rules protecting the IP underpinning COVID-19 vaccines; and
WHEREAS, this decision appears to have been politically motivated as many of the same countries demanding the TRIPS vaccine waiver refused or destroyed vaccine doses due to an inability to distribute and administer the doses they had already received; and
WHEREAS, 14 billion vaccine doses – nearly enough to vaccinate each person on the planet twice – have been produced since the COVID-19 pandemic began, evidence that vaccine supply is adequate; and
WHEREAS, the WTO has asked for an expansion of the TRIPS waiver which the current US presidential administration is considering that would extend the waiver to COVID-19 therapeutics and diagnostics as well; and
WHEREAS, the stated rationale for the waiver and its expansion is to ensure that people in low and middle income countries have access to lifesaving COVID-19 vaccines and treatments, despite evidence that access, if it is limited, is not limited by insufficient supply but by inadequate healthcare distribution infrastructure in low to middle income countries and by hesitancy on the part of many around the world to utilize COVID-19 vaccines and other medical therapies; and
WHEREAS, surrendering US biopharmaceutical intellectual property (IP) is likely to result in the outsourcing of American jobs in an industry sector that directly employs more than 900,000 US workers and indirectly supports 4.4 million American jobs; and
WHEREAS, America’s robust IP protections have incentivized US-based global biopharmaceutical companies to concentrate 90% of their research and development expenditures in the United States with facilities scattered across the nation and attracted outsize Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in biopharmaceutical research and manufacturing which increased 97% from 2018-2021 in the US contrasted with an overall 6% decline overseas; and
WHEREAS, the current waiver erodes global intellectual property rights and compromises US global leadership in healthcare innovation and an extension would exacerbate an already unsustainable situation; and
WHEREAS, continuing and expanding the TRIPS waiver is likely to lead to unregulated manufacturing processes that could lead to the distribution of inferior and even dangerous products, the impact of which is most likely to be felt by those living in low to middle income countries – the very people that the misguided TRIPS waiver was purported to help; and
WHEREAS, far from being a barrier to lifesaving innovation, the global IP system that TRIPS supports and that the TRIPS waiver and the proposed expansion undermine created the ideal environment for the rapid development and production of COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics; and
WHEREAS, the biopharmaceutical industry has shared some of its IP related to COVID-19 vaccines and treatments and is committed to ensuring timely and equitable access to its lifesaving innovation, however an uncontrolled release of IP could result in its acquisition by economic and strategic competitors and irresponsible actors.
Therefore be it resolved that this state legislative chamber reject any expansion of the TRIPS waiver.
Therefore be it further resolved that this state legislative chamber call on all relevant policy makers to identify and resolve the real barriers to universal access to COVID-19 vaccines and therapeutics.
Therefore be it further resolved that copies of this resolution be transmitted to the US Trade Representative, to the Director General of the World Trade Organization, to the Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization, to the Chairman and Ranking Member of the US House Ways and Means Committee, to the Chairman and Ranking Member of the US Senate Finance Committee and to the US Secretary of State.